Constructions and Applications of W-StatesPublic
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After introducing the fundamentals of quantum circuits for a general audience, this report evaluates two means of constructing W-states: the probabilistic naive construction (PNC) and the optimized splitter construction (OSC). These methods are compared in terms of asymptotic gate cost and other parameters. Furthermore, a proof of Bell’s theorem is explored with new results concerning the probability of contradicting elements of reality using W-states.
- This report represents the work of one or more WPI undergraduate students submitted to the faculty as evidence of completion of a degree requirement. WPI routinely publishes these reports on its website without editorial or peer review.
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